Contracting under Duress

Contracting under Duress

Paul Bugden, Bugden + Co., London Ref: Pakistan International Airline Corporation v Times Travel (UK) Ltd [2021] UKSC 40 A refusal by a carrier to carry further or indeed at all absent compliance with a demand for payment or further payment or some other renegotiation...
DHL v Gemini Ocean Shipping

DHL v Gemini Ocean Shipping

Paul Bugden, Bugden + Co., London Ref: DHL Project & Chartering Ltd v Gemini Ocean Shipping Co. Ltd [2022] EWHC 181 (Comm) Jacobs J.  This recent case in the London Commercial Court considered the effect of a “subject shipper/receivers’ approval”...
Changes in  the Italian Civil Code

Changes in the Italian Civil Code

Recent Changes in  the Italian Civil Code  on  contract of freight forwarding and multimodal carriage Claudio Perrella LS Lex, Italy A few recent and relevant changes have been introduced in  the Italian Civil Code  impacting on the contract of freight forwarding and...