THE MERCHANT CLAUSE-WHO IS “MERCHANT”?

THE MERCHANT CLAUSE-WHO IS “MERCHANT”?

Arnold Van Steenderen, Van Steenderen Mainport Lawyers, Rotterdam Under the terms of a Bill of Lading the shipper, the receiver, the consignee, the holder of the Bill of Lading, the owner of the cargo and, usually, anybody further defined as merchant in the Bill of...
FORCE MAJEURE – SERVICE PROVIDERS’ LIABILITY

FORCE MAJEURE – SERVICE PROVIDERS’ LIABILITY

Alexey Remeslo, Senior Lawyer, Interlegal, Law firm                                      General view on service providers’ liability in Ukraine Ukrainian Law does not contain specific provisions as for the service providers’ liability. Such is regulated by general...
Lien Rights under the CIFFA STCs

Lien Rights under the CIFFA STCs

Gavin Magrath, Magrath’s International Legal Counsel, Toronto, Canada In Canada carriers of goods enjoy lien rights over cargoes under the common law, but these traditional rights, arising out of old English law, were developed long before the modern global logistics...
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